(Rakhaing, Rakhines)
   One of the major ethnic minorities of Burma, their homeland is Arakan (Rakhine) State, bordering Bangladesh on the Bay of Bengal. Independent kingdoms based on the Indian model existed in this region between the fourth century CE and its occupation by King Bodawpaya in 1784. The Arakanese, like the Burmans, speak a Tibeto-Burman language, and probably migrated into modern Burma from Inner Asia around the same time, the eighth and ninth centuries CE. Some linguists suggest that Arakanese is similar to archaic Burmese. Most Arakanese are Buddhists, though there is a Muslim minority, commonly called Rohingyas, and Muslim influences from the Indian subcontinent have historically been strong. According to the 1983 census, the last taken, the Arakanese comprised 4.5 percent of Burma's population.
   See also Arakan (Rakhine); Mrauk-U.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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